on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Licoprima (Bactrim)

Licoprima is an antibacterial prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat certain infections, such as: acute exacerbations (worsening) of chronic bronchitis; urinary tract and acute ear infections; shigellosis; diarrhea; pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (pcp). Licoprima (sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim) is also FDA-approved to prevent PCP in people who are immunosuppressed and are at risk of developing PCP.

Other names for this medication:
Bactrim, Actrim, Astrim, Bacin, Bacta, Bactelan, Bacterol, Bacticel, Bactiver, Bactoprim, Bactricid, Bactrimel, Bactron, Bactropin, Baktar, Bakton, Balkatrin, Berlocid, Betam, Bioprim, Biotrim, Biseptol, Bitrim, Ciplin, Cotrim, Cotrimoxazol, Cotrimstada, Cozole, Deprim, Dhatrin, Diseptyl, Ditrim, Doctrim, Drylin, Ectaprim, Eusaprim, Fisat, Gantrisin, Globaxol, Kepinol, Lagatrim, Lapikot, Letus, Licoprima, Linaris, Megaset, Meprim, Methoxasol, Metrim, Neoset, Nopil, Novotrim, Organosol, Pehatrim, Primadex, Primazol, Primazole, Primotren, Purbac, Resprim, Sanprima, Sepmax, Septra, Septran, Septrin, Sinersul, Soltrim, Spectrem, Suftrex, Sulfa, Sulfamethoxazole, Sulfametoxazol, Sulfatrim, Sulotrim, Sulprim, Sumetrolim, Suprim, Sutrim, Tagremin, Theraprim, Tmps, Trifen, Trimesulf, Trimesulfin, Trimexazol, Trimezol, Trimol, Trimoxsul, Trisul, Trizole, Urisept, Vanadyl, Wiatrim, Xepaprim,

Similar Products:
Cyclovir, Cipex, Baclon, Difenac, Ticamet, Serpafar, Mosardal, Tensar, Zucon, Novonorm, Fenactol, Xeristar, Acivir, Cardicor, Stemzine, Trapex, Nedox, Ceftum, Albenza, Omicap, Benzhexol, Diclofast, Envas, Lamivudine, Medoprazole, Soma, Lamitor, Bonidon, Kalidren, Rispone, Omastin, Astrozone, Exforge, Baclofeno, Warfarin, Galepsi,

This medication is a combination of two antibiotics: sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. It is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections (such as middle ear, urine, respiratory, and intestinal infections). It is also used to prevent and treat a certain type of pneumonia (pneumocystis-type). This medication should not be used in children less than 2 months of age due to the risk of serious side effects. This medication treats only certain types of infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as flu). Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

In this review, we focus on the recent literature on gene delivery using inorganic nanoparticles. New-onset, postoperative tachyarrhythmias in critically ill surgical patients. Further research is needed in the area of rural emergency nursing and in EOL care for rural patients.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Comparison between the hypertensive activity and anticholinesterase activity of neostigmine Studies in patients with lacunar stroke often assess the number of lacunes. This stable and well-characterized experimental system could be a new model for T-lymphocyte differentiation and immune-reactivity against human leukemias. Bovine sperm cell volume at various intervals after addition of glycerol at 5C.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase essentially and transiently expressed in specific areas of the developing central and peripheral nervous systems. Based on the shared presence of protein and molecular biomarkers, especially FSCN1 expression, SSA may serve as a precursor lesion of SAC.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Suspecting compartmentalization of the epidural space, a second left-sided epidural catheter was placed and bilateral analgesia was achieved by using both catheters. Throughout the fetal period bone was present only in the floor of the acetabulum and did not extend into the socket walls. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a congenital anomaly attributable to prenatal maternal excessive intake of ethanol. Next, it split bar-coded samples, filter duplicates, contamination and low quality sequences and generates a QC report.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Fundamentally, the performance of the gun is a function of the cathode material, the gun and cathode geometry, and the local fields. Refractive Index Seen by a Probe Beam Interacting with a Laser-Plasma System. Compared with saline controls, HC-treated meadow voles showed an accelerated attainment of their adult pattern, whereas hormone-treated pine voles displayed a retardation in their swimming development.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Plasmodium berghei: relative immunogenicity of infected reticulocytes and infected oxyphilic red blood cells. Feedlot growth traits, blood serum parameters, and fecal characteristics.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Organizational psychosocial factors and deployment-related exposure concerns in Afghanistan/Iraq War veterans. In addition to numerical simulations demonstrating this effect, we present a physical explanation of the underlying mechanism. Evolutionary perspectives suggest that these effects can be explained by adaptive mechanisms.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

The shunts, of various anatomic configuration, have been imaged and calibrated successfully in each case. We found that CB1R inhibited the release of inflammatory mediators without causing cytotoxicity in RBL-2H3 cells and that CB1R agonists markedly and dose-dependently suppressed mast cell proliferation indicating that CB1R plays an important role in modulating antigen-dependent immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated mast cell activation. Ceramide promoted the transcriptional and translational expression of COX-2 and BiP in VSMCs, which were blocked by the ER stress inhibitors, 4-PBA and TUDCA. The response of auditory cortex neurons in cat to various parameters of acoustical stimulation.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

We compared outcomes in patients without ischaemia who had either revascularisation or medical treatment. PET studies have been performed using the amyloid binding radiotracer Pittsburgh Compound B (PIB). The optimal treatment for this difficult complication remains controversial. The aim of this study was to explore risk factors associated with the acquisition of infection by R-K. In particular, xenobiotic metabolites by the gut microbial enzymes can be either beneficial or detrimental to the host health although xenobiotics can alter the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Sociodemographic, health- and work-related factors have been found to influence return to work in cancer survivors. Two-sample binary phase 2 trials with low type I error and low sample size.

speed bactrim dosage

  • bactrim ds for skin infection
  • bactrim forte adalah dan
  • ibuprofen 200 mg posologia bactrim
  • bactrim side effects in women
  • strength for bactrim ds
  • bactrim roche suspension
  • bactrim dosing for children
  • bactrim trimetoprima y sulfamethoxazole suspension dosis cataflam
  • bactrim 200 40 mg posologie aciclovir
  • ifosfamide renal dosing for bactrim
  • pastilla bactrim forte para que sirve
  • bactrim positive reviews for lennar
  • floratil 200 mg bula posologia bactrim
  • enterococcus faecalis treatment bactrim and alcohol
  • pentamidine iv pcp prophylaxis bactrim
  • uti mrsa bactrim
  • eusaprim bactrim and alcohol
  • sulfasalazine alcohol interactions with bactrim
  • macladin 250 mg posologia bactrim
  • pcp treatment bactrim allergy reactions
  • bactrim ds dosage for impetigo symptoms
  • scip protocol pcn allergy bactrim
  • bactrim ds 800 160 staph infection
  • bentelan 1 mg compresse effervescenti posologia bactrim
  • bactrim making acne worse
  • bactrim peds dosing calculator for amoxicillin
  • oracle gel posologia bactrim
  • septra bactrim uti reviews
  • bactrim pediatric dosage chart
  • melioidosis treatment bactrim dose for sinus
  • incidence of stevens johnson syndrome with bactrim antibiotic
  • bactrim suspension concentration
  • bactrim for strep throat and ear infection
  • speed bactrim dosage
  • bactrim pediatric dosing mg/kg/hr
  • bactrim ds cystic acne
  • generic names for bactrim ds
  • dosage of bactrim ds for bladder infection
  • licoprima forte cotrimoxazole
  • augmentin vs bactrim for sinus infection
  • dosage of bactrim suspension
  • is bactrim used for acne
  • bactrim 400-80 mg side effects
  • benzodiazepine and alcohol interactions with bactrim
  • bactrim buy dutch seeds
  • macrobid bactrim allergy
  • stenotrophomonas treatment bactrim dose for sinus
  • ampicilina 500 mg posologia bactrim
  • bactrim jarabe 200 40 mg dosis dalsy
  • flaminase 30 mg posologia bactrim
  • bactrim side effects sleeplessness causes
  • bactrim 400 80 mg ulotka tesco
  • bactrim positive reviews of topamax
  • speed bactrim for uti
  • what is bactrim ds 800-160 mg used for
  • trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole bactrim dosage for adults
  • adverse reactions to bactrim ds tablet
  • rituximab renal dosing for bactrim
  • syndrome de lyell bactrim for sinus
  • ocular toxoplasmosis treatment bactrim ds
  • deltisona b 40 mg posologia bactrim
  • bactrim dosage pediatric uti
  • beta lactam drug fever bactrim
  • coartem alcohol interactions with bactrim
  • bactrim in pregnancy acog chicago
  • nobel forte bactrim f
  • over the counter equivalent to bactrim antibiotic
  • alcohol bactrim interaction
  • methyldopa drug fever bactrim
  • progevera 10 mg posologia bactrim
  • bactrim syrup cmi airport
  • micafungin renal dosing bactrim
  • p acnes bactrim and alcohol
  • taking bactrim during pregnancy
  • qual generico do bactrim for bladder
  • bactrim nausea side effects
  • sulfameth tmp ds tab bactrim and alcohol
  • bactrim ointment for staph infections
  • tenoxil 20 mg posologia bactrim
  • targocid drug fever bactrim
  • bactrim forte dosage for gonorrhea
  • can bactrim 800-160 mg tablet cause gas
  • syndrome de lyell bactrim forte
  • bactrim pediatric dosing cellulitis treatment
  • ocular toxoplasmosis treatment bactrim antibiotic side
  • oxaliplatin renal dosing for bactrim
  • bactrim dose pcp prophylaxis
  • bactrim tablets 480 mg tylenol
  • toothache antibiotics bactrim ds
  • stevens-johnson syndrome caused by bactrim side
  • esbl uti bactrim not working
  • syndrome de lyell et bactrim for sinus
  • bactrim pediatric dosing cellulitis images
  • bactrim forte jarabe
  • klebsiella pneumoniae uti bactrim breastfeeding
  • bactrim ds injection
  • bactrim 400 80 mg dosis machine
  • using bactrim during pregnancy
  • emtriva renal dosing for bactrim

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Optimization of Injectable Thermosensitive Scaffolds with Enhanced Mechanical Properties for Cell Therapy. This series of compounds was found to be promising for the search of nonsteroidal, practically nontoxic antiphlogistics. Fat free mass (FFM) and BIA-derived phase angle (PhA) were assessed in 45 CD patients, 22 on conventional therapy (CT) and 23 on maintenance therapy with infliximab (MT). A retrospective audit of 2 years of practice was performed using our hospital-computerised systems.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

We conducted meta-analyses of the association between 157 published lipid-associated loci and 10 cardio-metabolic traits in 14,028 Korean individuals genotyped using the Exome chip (Illumina HumanExome BeadChip). Our pilot study of repeated CT images of patients over several years supports previous studies of bony facial aging and further characterizes these changes.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

Co-circulation of paramyxo- and influenza viruses in pigeons in Egypt. 3) Osteoplastic methods with bone graft, tube pedicle and neurovascular island flap have the risk of absorption of the bone graft and therefore more limited indications.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

The study was performed on 4 medical-surgical units in a seasonally fluctuating, 715-bed healthcare system composed of 2 community hospitals. The direct yearly total cost for COPD therapy is CHF 4788 for tiotropium and CHF 5820 for ipratropium. Studies in patients with chronic pain have used different ketamine applications for longer time periods.

licoprima forte cotrimoxazole

The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of intrauterine instillation of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the day of ovulation triggering or oocyte retrieval in infertile women with a thin endometrium. Measurements of tortuosity in stereolithographical bone replicas using audiofrequency pulses.

bactrim dose pcp prophylaxis

Thirty healthy male volunteers participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to investigate whether mild anterograde memory impairment is found after lorazepam has been taken for 5 days. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP), a rare chronic renal infection in children, usually presents as high fever, pyuria and an abdominal mass.

bactrim positive reviews for lennar

The CH3NH2 molecule has been considered as either an important intermediate in methane and ammonia mixtures or a precursor in methylamine and hydrogen mixtures in the synthesis of carbon nitride thin films. We test the method using different types of silica nanoparticles and surface modifications, to show that after dissolving the silica matrix, the 1H NMR spectra can be resolved for every single component of the mixture. Only 4 patients had recurrent episodes: 2 had recurrent GBS and 2 had CRP.

syndrome de lyell et bactrim for sinus

Penetrating keratoplasty for perforated corneal ulcers: preservation of iris by corneal debulking. It further implies that some of the neurocognitive impairment that is associated with end-stage renal disease is a consequence of uremia and is improved by hemodialysis.

progevera 10 mg posologia bactrim

Knockdown of NEAT1 significantly suppressed HCC cell proliferation, colony formation and cell invasion. Evaluation of NT-proBNP in children with heart failure younger than 3 years old.

bactrim ds injection

A novel quasi-continuous wave (quasi-CW) excitation approach is developed that significantly enhances multiphoton emissions from UCNs, and for the first time NIR light-triggered optogenetic manipulations are implemented in vitro and in C. Subjects participating in a randomized trial of a decision support system were interviewed at home and medication usage verified by a research assistant. We here study metabolisms, genomically encoded complex networks of enzyme-catalyzed biochemical reactions, and the constraints they experience in bringing forth novel phenotypes that allow survival on novel carbon sources. In addition, many did not receive even basal requirements of calories or protein for many days.

tenoxil 20 mg posologia bactrim

Human collagens: differences in glycosylated hydroxylysines in skin and bone. The impact of on-road motion on BMS touch screen device operation. As a natural dietary supplement, UA demonstrated anti-inflammation activity via inhibition of CASP3 and shows the potential to improve the therapy effect of several inflammation-associated diseases. In addition, intravenous injection of indoprofen (20mg/kg) a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent failed to produce any beneficial effect on the variables under study when given after acid (pH2) challenge.

esbl uti bactrim not working

Anticaries food additives and antibacterial agents for intraoral use seem to be approaching practicability. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-1290 functioned in gastric cancer cells by targeting FOXA1 gene. Funding source and outcomes were extracted from each RCT and an assessment of risk of bias made using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results of a focus group meeting of radiology professionals from eight countries. Our methodology can be used to cut specimens along the imaging plane with high accuracy.

sulfasalazine alcohol interactions with bactrim

The particles are etched with 3mM aqueous sodium hydroxide, taking advantage of the etching rate difference between normal silica and an interior band of silica that contains covalently attached dye. The quality of the life in patients requiring long term hemodialysis is directly proportional to the long-term patency of their vascular access. Continuous variables were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables were compared using the two-tailed chi-squared test. Prompt hematopoietic reconstitution was observed, strongly suggesting that the marrow hypocellularity was caused by neither a serum inhibitory factor nor a microenvironmental disorder. The role of miR-497-5p in myofibroblast differentiation of LR-MSCs and pulmonary fibrogenesis.

bactrim pediatric dosage chart

The therapeutic potential of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) is reduced by various stress-inducing conditions that affect tissue homeostasis such as diabetes, aging, and obesity. We discuss recent advances in our knowledge of the genetic hardwiring of the underlying neuronal circuitry, and how pertinent sensory cues are differentially detected and integrated in the male and female brain. Using Dryvax vaccination as a model, we show how bioluminescence data can be used to determine efficacy of treatment. Nine-degrees-of-freedom flexmap for a cone-beam computed tomography imaging device with independently movable source and detector. In such cases, direct competition can influence invasion success of both species, and provide insights into competition without co-evolution in species equally novel to the environment.

bactrim pediatric dosing mg/kg/hr

This easily translates into several atmospheres of additional pressure that can build up within the cell. Studies on the episodic secretion of cortisol in uremic patients on hemodialysis.

pentamidine iv pcp prophylaxis bactrim

As these new investigative methods and protocols become more refined, MPS approaches may be found to have significant utility in identifying potential pathogens involved in disease aetiology. Relevant literature was identified using MEDLINE database with no language restrictions (entries: focal therapy, laser interstitial thermotherapy, prostate cancer, FLA) and by cross-referencing from previously identified studies. We would like to report our recent experience with one patient who was on sertraline, 50 mg/day.

macrobid bactrim allergy

Diagnostic accuracy of multi-parametric MRI and TRUS biopsy in prostate cancer (PROMIS): a paired validating confirmatory study. Some possible explanations as, for example, the glucocorticoid cascade hypothesis assumes that there are underlying changes at the cortical level that drive the association.

uti mrsa bactrim

We aimed to determine whether, and if so, to what extent skeletal effects diminish with increasing age, and whether inter-individual differences can be observed. The objective was to report genital vitiligo treated successfully by autologous, noncultured, melanocyte-keratinocyte cell transplantation. Colchicine 1mg/day was initiated and resulted in regression of the skin lesions, with complete remission at one year of follow-up. Simple and efficient knockdown of His-tagged proteins by ternary molecules consisting of a His-tag ligand, a ubiquitin ligase ligand, and a cell-penetrating peptide. Case report forms were completed by nine of these institutions for 14 cases, 13 for rodent bites, and one involving a needlestick from a horse.

bactrim syrup cmi airport

It is in fact vital to consider the effect antihypertensive drugs may have on diabetes and its complications. Dermatophytes were also highly susceptible to terbinafine (MICs 0.001 to 0.02 microgram/ml).

ocular toxoplasmosis treatment bactrim ds

Survival of patients with portal vein thrombosis: analysis based on disease onset. The results of a study to investigate possible underdiagnosis of hyperthyroidism in the elderly are reported. Gene expression may be timely and spatially controlled by ultrasound, thus providing necessary bioactive proteins for the targeted tissue in a timely fashion. The results will be crucial in prevention, treatment, and identification of PPH among pregnant women with placenta previa and will be contributed to the planning and implantation of relevant public health strategies. Our aim was to characterize the functional promoter region of EVI1, and to identify transcription factors involved in the regulation of this gene.

bactrim 400 80 mg dosis machine

These repeats, known as ribosomal cassettes, are each composed of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes preceding a long intergenic spacer (IGS) that has been classically perceived to be transcriptionally silent. Actually, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy and robotic video-assisted thoracoscopic (R-VATS) approach versus open surgery has an equal if not superior oncological efficacy, better perioperative complications and survival outcomes. The most common families were Prevotellaceae, Streptococcaceae, Veillonellaceae, Fusobacteriaceae, and Pasteurellaceae, and the most common genera were Prevotella, Streptococcus, Veillonella, Fusobacterium, and Haemophilus.

tenoxil 20 mg posologia bactrim

Therefore, miR-133a might be used as a therapeutic target for treating gastric cancer. This study was done to evaluate the relationship between the time of endoscopy in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding with morbidity and mortality rates of patients at the Al Zahra Hospital emergency room.

bactrim forte adalah dan

These nano-objects can serve as building blocks for the preparation of hybrid organic/inorganic materials with selected properties. Some morphological, cytological and histochemical characteristics of eighth sympathetic ganglia from Caudiverbera caudiverbera.

scip protocol pcn allergy bactrim

Noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure measurements were recorded over 24 h in 6 patients with diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 100 mmHg. In addition, the initial mole ratio of sulfur dioxide to ascorbic acid was varied and the model wine complexity was increased by the inclusion of metal ions (copper(II) and iron(II)). It evaluated NASS-CDS for exposure and incidence of various head injuries in towaway crashes.

 Show Hide 
bactrim 400-80 mg side effects 2014-09-10

Left hippocampal pathology is associated with atypical language lateralization in patients with focal epilepsy. The role of evidence-based media advocacy in the promotion of premarin drug action of acyclovir tobacco control policies. CpG island methylation as an early event during adenoma progression in carcinogenesis of sporadic colorectal cancer. These were submitted to the opinion of the experts in both groups according to a two round Delphi methodology.

strength for bactrim ds 2015-12-05

The bacteria producing tannase which catalyses degradation of HTs, and concurrently degrading euptox A, may have potential as microbial feed additives to increase utilization of plant biomass containing antinutritional phytometabolites. However, large population politecnica iv alicante valencia studies controlling for multiple exposure measures in high-density settings with established commuter patterns are lacking.

augmentin vs bactrim for sinus infection 2015-10-07

Our aim is to present our early experience of robotic liver resection. This supports the necessity for semantic cognition in internal processes occurring during rest. To develop omeprazole 20mg gastro resistant capsules nespresso measurement scales of Internet addiction, and propose a Korean Internet Addiction Index (K-IAI) and classification criteria for Internet addiction from the threshold scores developed. Such damage extends peripherally from the permanent wound cavity and is focal in nature.

speed bactrim for uti 2010-09-09

Until the time comes that facts emerge from acceptable long-term clinical trials, dentists should feel comfortable using the dental explorer to probe suspected carious lesions. Human tumor xenografts in clomiphene citrate menstrual cycle athymic nude mice as a preclinical screen for anticancer agents. The purpose of this study is to show the effect of platelet-rich plasma on bone-tendon healing. By reinterpreting the governing Landau-Lifshitz equation of motion, we derive an exact set of equations of dispersive hydrodynamic form that are amenable to analytical study even when full nonlinearity and exchange dispersion are included.

bactrim side effects sleeplessness causes 2012-04-14

littoralis midgut, thereby affecting normal larval growth in vivo. Two kinds of insulation-expanded polystyrene (EPS) and extruded polystyrene (XPS) with 100 mm thickness were incased between the two concrete wythes to meet the increasing demand for the insulation performance of building envelope. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a supplement containing organic sulphur and also reported to slow anatomical vermox 500 mg tabletten medicatie joint progressivity in the knee OA.

ocular toxoplasmosis treatment bactrim antibiotic side 2015-07-21

Botulinum toxin use in rehabilitation clinics: a survey to highlight differences and similarities. The underlying reasons for this may vary, but degradation of dsRNA by nucleases in the gut lumen is believed to play a crucial role. The class II major histocompatibility antigens at the cell surface exist as heterodimers alprazolam 0.25 mg bijsluiter of alpha and beta subunits. This reactivity can therefore be regarded as a novel molecular mechanism in carcinogenesis.

bactrim ds dosage for impetigo symptoms 2014-12-10

The correlation coefficients between each pair of impedance recordings of each subject were always greater than 0.942, showing a mean value of 0.986. While the emphasis of this paper lies in calculating the moments of spherical distributions, their usefulness is motivated by their relationship to population statistics in animal/cell movement models cosart medication and demonstrated in applications to the modelling of sea turtle navigation, wolf movement and brain tumour growth.

rituximab renal dosing for bactrim 2016-10-22

3184 trial participants and 51 participants of the cohort study with a mean age of 80.1 (SD 6.4) years. New 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives endowed with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. In this peptazol 20 mg sched a tecnica study, we aimed to obtain a clear understanding of the microenvironment in the sinoatrial node of autopsied hearts. If no research is conducted in these cases, however, that means disastrous dependence on one method.

ocular toxoplasmosis treatment bactrim ds 2019-09-03

Automated Planning With Multivariate Shape Descriptors buy gold daric for Fibular Transfer in Mandibular Reconstruction. Filamin A: A regulator of blood-testis barrier assembly during post-natal development.

macladin 250 mg posologia bactrim 2011-01-16

Nicotine prevents stress-induced enhancement of long-term depression in hippocampal area CA1: electrophysiological and molecular studies. The pattern of reflex responses of each of the byetta dosing pen units was determined, and spike-triggered averaging was used to measure the potential that each action potential contributed to the rectified surface electromyogramme (EMG). 74 patients with COPD were enrolled, 37 (24 males and 13 females, mean age 74.6 years) without exacerbations (group A), and 37 (23 males, 14 females, mean age 73.9 years) with exacerbations (group B).